INCOTERMS - International Commercial Terms

The Incoterms rules are an internationally recognized standard and are used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for the sale of goods. First published in 1936, Incoterms rules provide internationally accepted definitions and rules of interpretation for most common commercial terms.

The rules have been developed and maintained by experts and practitioners brought together by ICC and have become the standard in international business rules setting. They help traders avoid costly misunderstandings by clarifying the tasks, costs and risks involved in the delivery of goods from sellers to buyers. Incoterms rules are recognized by UNCITRAL as the global standard for the interpretation of the most common terms in foreign trade.

TERMEXWFCAFASFOBCFRCIFCPT
MeaningEx-WorksFree CarrierFree Alongside ShipFree
On-Board/ Vessel
Cost & FreightCost Insurance & Freight Carriage Paid to
SERVICEWho Pays
Warehouse storage at point of origin SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Warehouse labor at point of origin SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Export packing SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Loading at point of origin BuyerSellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Inland freight BuyerBuyer SellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Port receiving charges BuyerBuyerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Forwarders fee BuyerBuyerSeller SellerSellerSellerSeller
Loading on ocean carrierBuyerBuyerBuyerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Ocean/Air freight chargesBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerSellerSellerSeller
Charges at foreign Port/Airport BuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyer Seller
Customs, Duties & Taxes abroad BuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyer
Delivery charges to final destination BuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerBuyer
TERMCIPDAFDESDEQDDUDDP
MeaningCarriage & Insurance Paid ToDelivery At FrontierDelivered Ex-ShipDelivered Ex-Quay, Duty UnpaidDelivered Duty UnpaidDelivered Duty Paid
SERVICEWho Pays
Warehouse storage at point of origin SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Warehouse labor at point of origin SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Export packing SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Loading at point of origin SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Inland freight SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Port receiving charges SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Forwarders fee SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Loading on ocean carrier SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Ocean/Air freight charges SellerSellerSellerSellerSellerSeller
Charges at foreign Port/Airport SellerSellerBuyerSellerSellerSeller
Customs, Duties & Taxes abroad BuyerBuyerBuyerBuyer BuyerSeller
Delivery charges to final destination BuyerBuyerBuyerBuyerSellerSeller

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