Pension is described in section 60 of the CPC and section 11 of the Pension Act as a periodical allowance or stipend granted on account of past service, particular merits etc. There are three important features of 'pension'. Firstly, pension is a compensation for past service. Secondly, it owes its origin to a past employer-employee or master-servant relationship. Thirdly, it is paid on the basis of earlier relationship of an agreement of service as opposed to an agreement for service. This relationship terminates only on the death of the concerned employee.
Pension received from a former employer is taxable as 'Salary'. Hence, the various deductions available on salary income, are also available to pensioners.
Pension to officials of UNO is exempt from taxation.
Family pension is defined in Section 57 as a regular monthly amount payable by the employer to a person belonging to the family of an employee in the event of his/her death. Pension and family pension are qualitatively different. The former is paid during the lifetime of the employee while the latter is paid on his/her death to surviving family members. However, in case of family pension, since there is no employer-employee relationship between the payer and the payee, therefore, it is taxed as 'Income from Other Sources' in the hands of the nominee(s). In respect of family pension, deduction u/s 57(iia) of Rs. 15000/- or 1/3rd of the amount received whichever is less, is available.
Under the Income Tax Act, a senior citizen is a person who at any time during the previous year has attained the age of 65 years or more. There are certain benefits available to senior citizen under the Income Tax Act.
All efforts are made to keep the content of this site correct and up-to-date. But, this site does not make any claim regarding the information provided on its pages as correct and up-to-date. The contents of this site cannot be treated or interpreted as a statement of law. In case, any loss or damage is caused to any person due to his/her treating or interpreting the contents of this site or any part thereof as correct, complete and up-to-date statement of law out of ignorance or otherwise, this site will not be liable in any manner whatsoever for such loss or damage.
The visitors may visit the web site of Income Tax Department for resolving their doubts or for clarifications.