Tax Planning, Investment and Finance

Investment

Investment involves selection of the right kind of instruments / schemes with the objective of maximizing returns on investments. The instruments carrying higher risk usually yield higher returns but they may not yield any return or may even result in loss. The decision regarding the type of instrument/investment depends upon the risk taking capabilities of individuals. As the risk taking capability vary from person to person according to their risk taking nature, age, family and other responsibilities/obligations, availability of surplus funds for investment etc., the choice of investment instruments will vary from individual to individual. For example, a retired person may accord priority to invest major portion of his savings in more safe i.e. less risky and regular income yielding investments than in higher income yielding and more risky investments.

Tax Planning

Tax Planning involves making investments with the objective of minimizing the tax liability and maximizing returns. Everyone should try to do tax planning to maximize his income by saving on taxes.

The amount of tax to be paid is related to the source(s) of income viz. income from salary, income from business, income from house property, interest income, income from dividends etc. and the amount and type of investments made. The income from different sources is taxed differently. There are provisions exemption of certain incomes, deductions from aggregate income and from the tax computed on total income. The deductions/exemptions are available on different tax saving instruments/schemes are also different. Therefore, tax planning will involve selection of right kind of instruments/schemes for investing the surplus income/savings keeping in view the source(s) of income, period for investing the funds, type and amount of tax benefits available, liquidity and safety of investments etc.

Exemptions and Relaxations Available:

Tax Saving Options:

Public Provident Fund (PPF) Accounts :

  • The deposits in PPF accounts are eligible for relief under section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • The interest earned on deposits in PPF accounts is fully exempt from income tax.
  • The interest and principal in a PPF account cannot be attached by a court decree.
  • View Salient features of PPF Account.
  • Use PPF Calculator

Sukanya Samriddhi Account :

  • The deposits in Sukanya Samriddhi accounts are eligible for relief under section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • The interest earned on deposits in Sukanya Samriddhi accounts is exempt from income tax.
  • View Salient features of Sukanya Samriddhi Account.
  • Use Sukanya Samriddhi Account Sukanya Samriddhi Account Calculator.

Special Bank Term Deposit Scheme (BTDS)

  • The investment under this scheme in banks is eligible for relief under section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • View Salient features of Special Bank Term Deposit Scheme.

National Savings Certificates NSCs

  • The investment in NSCs is eligible for relief under section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • The interest accrued on NSCs, though taxable, is treated as investment for the purpose of section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • View Salient features of NSCs. Use /misc/NSC Accrued Interest Calculator

Post Office Time Deposit Scheme:

  • The investment under this scheme in Post Offices is eligible for relief under section 80C of the Income Tax Act w.e.f. the financial year 2007-08 i.e. Assessment year 2008-09.
  • View Salient features of Post Office Time Deposit Scheme.

Post Office Senior Citizen Scheme

  • The investment under this scheme in Post Offices is eligible for relief under section 80C of the Income Tax Act w.e.f. the financial year 2007-08 i.e. Assessment year 2008-09.
  • View Salient features of Post Office Senior Citizen Scheme.

Life Insurance

  • The premium paid by an individual for life insurance of self or spouse or any child of such individual and the same by a Hindu Undivided Family for life insurance of any member is eligible for deduction from income under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. The maximum deduction available is upto a maximum of Rs. 100,000/- under Section 80C alongwith other investments under section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD.
  • The sum received (including the bonus) under a life insurance policy (other than any sum received under sub-section (3) of section 80DDA or under a Keyman insurance policy) is totally tax free.
  • View Tax benefits of Life Insurance

Health Insurance:

  • The investment in health/ medical insurance of self or family members is exempted under Section 80D upto Rs. 20,000/- for senior citizens and upto Rs. 15,000/- for others. An additional relief for health/ medical insurance of parents, Rs. 20,000/- if parents are senior citizen and Rs. 15,000/- for others, is available w.e.f. Assessment Year 2009-10. Therefore. the maximum deduction available under Section 80 is to the extent of Rs. 40,000/-. This relief is in addition to the maximum relief of Rs. 100,000/- available for investments under section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD.
  • Know more about Tax benefits Health Insurance

House Property

  • The repayment of housing loan upto Rs. 1,00,000/- (inclusive of other investment u/s 80C) qualifies for relief under section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • A further rebate in the form of deduction on accrued interest upto Rs. 1,50,000/- per annum from the total income is available under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act.
  • View Tax benefits on House Property.
  • Know more about Home Loans.

Educational Loans

  • Deduction is available under section 80E of Income Tax Act for any amount paid in the previous year by an assessee out of his income chargeable to tax, by way of interest on loan taken by him from any financial institution or any approved charitable institution for the purpose of pursuing his higher education or for the purpose of higher education of his relative (spouse and children).
  • Know more about Educational Loans

Mutual Funds

  • The investment in Equity Linked Tax Saving Mutual Funds is eligible for deduction under section 80 C of the Income Tax Act. These funds usually have a lock-in period of minimum three years.
  • The income earned on mutual funds is exempted from Income Tax in the hands of investors.
  • Know more about Mutual Funds.