Important :In Windows a task or a function can be performed in more than one way, for example you can launch an application from desktop icon or from Start Button menu or from Quick Launch bar or from My Computer or from .... . Therefore, the method stated on this page and other pages of this tutorial to perform various functionsis not the only method to perform that task or function.
Desktop is the on-screen work area on which windows, icons, menus, and dialog boxes appear. It typically consists of
Wallpaper is the background image of the desktop against which desktop menus, icons, and other elements are displayed and moved around. We can change the wallpaper by
Right Click in blank area of the Desktop >> Click on 'Properties' >> Click 'Desktop' >> Select from list of Wallpaper listed or browse and select an image of your choice.
We can also set a picture as wallpaper by
Right click on the picture >> Click on 'Set as Desktop Background'
Icons are small graphical images of shortcuts to launch an application or program. We can rename an icon by right click on the icon image and selecting 'Rename'.
Most programs /applications, on installation create desktop icons for their execution. Icon for any file or program or application can be created by
Right click in the blank area on the desktop >> Click on 'New' >> Click on 'Create Shortcut' >> Click 'Browse' >> Point to the location of the file for which shortcut is to be created. >> Name the Icon.
The image of an icon for a program/application can be changed by
Right click on the icon >> Click on 'Properties' >> Click on 'Change Icon' >> Select and click on the image from icon images displayed or browse and point to any other image.
Taskbar is a bar by default located at the bottom of the desktop screen and is the most important part of the desktop. It can be dragged to left, right or top of the screen by mouse. It comprises of Start Button, Quick Launch Bar, System Tray and space for tabs of open programs/application. We can switch from one program/application window to another simply by clicking on its tab on the Taskbar. We can minimize an active window by clicking on its tab on the Taskbar and similarly open an inactive window by a click on its tab in the Taskbar.
We can auto hide the Taskbar by
Right Click in blank area on 'Taskbar' >> Click on 'Properties' >> Select 'Auto Hide Taskbar'
Now the Taskbar will appear when mouse is moved to the bottom of the screen and will disappear when the mouse is moved up.
The Taskbar comprises of
Start button is the most important part of the desktop as it provides access to the user to all programs, applications, controls and settings, files and documents, search and windows help. A click on 'Start Button' opens Start Menu. By default, Windows XP has 'Start Menu' as shown in the figure. A user, familiar and comfortable with old versions of Windows, can change to 'Classic Start Menu' by
Right Click on 'Start Button' >> Click on 'Properties' >> Select 'Classic Start menu'
By default Start Menu comprises of the following:
The Start Button menu can be closed by a click in the blank area of the Desktop or any open program/application window.
By default Quick Launch bar is not displayed in Windows XP. To view Quick Launch bar
Right Click in blank area of the 'Taskbar' >> Hover mouse on 'Toolbar' >> Click on 'Quick Launch'
We can add icon for a program to Quick Launch bar by dragging ( to move an item on the screen by selecting the item and then pressing and holding down the mouse button while moving the mouse) and dropping the icon in the Quick Launch bar area. We can also delete an icon from Quick Launch bar by right click on the icon and selecting delete. Advantages of using Quick Launch :
System Tray displays system Date and Time and is by default located at the right corner of the Taskbar. We can adjust system Date and Time by
Right Click in System Tray area >> Select 'Adjust Date/Time' >> Change 'Date / Time' or 'Time Zone'
Notification area is located on left of the System Tray and contains icons for programs / applications which give short term notification or display change of status. In Windows XP, icons in the Notification area are, by default, hidden when they are inactive.