Forex Quotes

Currencies are quoted in pairs, such as EUR/USD or USD/JPY. The first listed currency (to the left) is known as the base currency, while the second (to the right is called the counter or quote currency. Therefore, if you are trying to determine the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar (USD) and the Japanese yen (JPY), the forex quote would look like this: USD/JPY=117.00

The base currency (in this case, the U.S. dollar) is always equal to one unit and the quoted currency (in this case, the Japanese yen) is equal to one unit of the base currency. The quote means that US$1=117.00 Japanese yen i.e. US$1 can buy 117.00 Japanese yen. The forex quote includes the currency abbreviations for the currencies in question.

Direct Quote and Indirect Quote

The Currencies can be quoted directly or indirectly. In direct currency quotes, the domestic currency is the base currency and in indirect currency quotes the domestic currency is the quoted currency.

Most currency exchange rates are quoted in four digits after the decimal place, with the exception of the Japanese yen (JPY), which is quoted in two decimal places.

Cross Currency

When a currency quote is given without the U.S. dollar as one of its components, this is called a cross currency. The most common cross currency pairs are the EUR/GBP, EUR/CAD and EUR/AUD. These currency pairs expand the trading possibilities in the forex market, but they are not as actively traded as pairs that include the U.S. dollar.

Bid Price and Ask Price

The bid price is used when selling a currency pair (going short) and reflects how much of the quoted currency will be obtained when selling one unit of the base currency.

The ask price is used when buying a currency pair (going long) and reflects how much of the quoted currency will be required for buying one unit of the base currency.

The quote before the slash is the bid price, and the two digits after the slash represent the ask price (only the last two digits of the full price are typically quoted). The bid price is always smaller than the ask price.


Bid Price=1.1500
Ask Price=1.1505

Buying this currency pair, means that the base currency is bought and the ask price will be used. According to the ask price, 1.1505 Canadian dollars will be required to buy one U.S. dollar.

Selling this currency pair, or sell the base currency in being sold and the bid price will be used. According to the bid price, one U.S. dollar will buy 1.1505 Canadian dollars.

All transactions are conducted in base currency i.e. the base currency is either bought or sold.

Spreads and Pips

Spread is the difference between the bid price and the ask price. In the above example .0005 is the spread.

The pip is the smallest amount a price can move in any currency quote. In the case of currencies quoted in four decimal places, one pip would be 0.0001 and it would be 0.01 for currencies is quoted in two decimal places. In the above example the spread is 5 pips.

Tax Rates
Income Tax Slabs AY 2019-20
Income Tax Tax Slabs AY 2018-19
Income Tax Slabs AY 2017-18
TDS Rates AY 2019-20
Tax Calculators
Income Tax AY 2019-20
Income Tax AY 2018-19
Income Tax AY 2017-18
Interest u/s 234 : Non-corporates
Interest u/s 234 : Corporates
Save Income Tax AY 2019-20
TDS Calculator AY 2019-20
Taxable HRA
Taxable Gratuity
Perquisite Value
Advance Tax - Non-individual
Advance Tax - Individual & HUF
Indexed Cost and LTCG
LTCG on Securities - Taxable Value
Gold & Silver Assets Valuation
Income Tax Information
Deductions from Taxable Income
Taxability of Allowances
Exempt Incomes
Deductions from House Property Income
Taxability of Pensioners and Sr. Citizens
Taxability of Retirement Benefits
PAN and PAN Card
View 26AS
SBI Lending Rates for perquisite valuation
PPF account - Features
PPF Calculator
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Calculator
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana features
Fillable Forms with formulas
Fillable forms in Excel / Word / PDF : Index
Income Tax forms
TDS Form 16
Challan 280
Challan 281
Income Tax Form 10E
TDS forms
PAN and TAN forms
Post Office forms
RTO forms
SBI forms
HDFC Bank forms
ICICI Bank forms
Axis Bank forms
EPF forms
NPS forms
ESIC forms
KYC forms
Aadhaar Enrollment Form
Vat forms for various states
Trade Mark forms
Professional Tax Rates, forms & Calculator
CGAS 1988 forms
Police Verification forms
LIC forms
Passport forms
CGAS 1988 forms
For Non-Residents
Income Tax Slabs AY 2019-20
Income Tax Slabs AY 2018-19
Income Tax Slabs AY 2017-18
Income Tax Calculator AY 2019-20
Income Tax Calculator AY 2018-19
Income Tax Calculator AY 2017-18
Advance Tax Calculator
TDS Rates AY 2019-20
TDS Calculator AY 2019-20
Residential Status
Post Office Schemes
PO RD features
PO NSC features
PO MIS features
PO SB features
PO TD features
PO KVP features
PO SCSS features
PO NSC, MIS, RD, TD, SCSS, KVP Calculator
Misc. Tools, Utilities and info
Ramayana Prashnavali
Bank Holidays 2018
Property Tax Delhi Calculator
Bank Deposit Calculators
EMI / Mortgage / other Loans Calculators
NPS Calculator
EPF Calculator
Excel Keyboard shortcuts
Body Fat, Weight & Mass Calculator
Liberalised Remittance Scheme (LRS)
Forex Facilites for NRIs and PIOs
Forex Facilites for Residents