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Section 111A is applicable in case of STCG arising on transfer of equity shares or units of equity oriented mutual-funds (*) or units of business trust other than a unit allotted by the trust in exchange of shares of a special purpose vehicle as referred to in section 47(xvii), which are transferred on or after 1-10-2004 through a recognised stock exchange and such transaction is liable to securities transaction tax (STT).
(*) Equity oriented mutual fund means a mutual fund specified under section 10(23D) and 65% of its investible funds, out of total proceeds are invested in equity shares of domestic companies.
If the conditions of section 111A as given above are satisfied, then the STCG is termed as STCG covered under section 111A. Such gain is charged to tax at 15% (plus surcharge and cess as applicable).
With effect from Assessment Year 2017-18, benefit of concessional tax rate of 15% shall be available even where STT is not paid, provided that
If STCG is not covered under Section 111A, it will be charged to normal tax rate depending on the total income of the assessee.
Examples of STCG not covered under section 111A :
(*) Securities for this purpose means "securities" as defined in section 2(h) of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956. This definition generally includes shares, scrips, stocks, bonds, debentures, debenture stocks or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or other body corporate, Government securities, such other instruments as may be declared by the Central Government to be securities and rights or interest in securities.
($) This option is available only in respect of units sold on or before 10-7-2014.
In other words, in case of long term capital gain arising on account of aforesaid assets, the taxpayer has following two options:
As per section 10(38), long-term capital gain arising on transfer of equity share or units of equity oriented mutual fund* or units of business trust other than a unit allotted by the trust in exchange of shares of a special purpose vehicle as referred to in section 47(xvii)is not chargeable to tax in the hands of any person, if following conditions are satisfied:
* Equity oriented mutual fund means a mutual fund specified under section 10(23D) and 65% of its investible funds out of total proceeds are invested in equity shares of a domestic company.
If LTCG is covered under section 10(38), then it is exempt from tax.
Exemption from long term capital gains under section 10(38) shall be available w.e.f April 1, 2017 even where STT is not paid, provided that -
In case the asset transferred is a long term capital asset being a residential house, and if out of the capital gains, a new residential house is constructed within 3 years, or purchased 1 year before or 2 years after the date of transfer, then exemption on the LTCG is available on the amount of investment in the new asset to the extent of the capital gains. It may be noted that the amount of capital gains not appropriated towards purchase or construction of a new house within 3 years may be deposited in the Capital Gains Account Scheme of a public sector bank before the due date of filing of Income Tax Return. This amount should subsequently be used for purchase or construction of house.
When the asset transferred is a long term capital asset other than a residential house, and if out of the consideration, investment in purchase or construction of a residential house is made within the specified time as in sec. 54, then exemption from the capital gains will be available as:
It may be noted that the Finance Act 2000 has provided that with effect from assessment year 2001-2002, the above exemption shall not be available if assessee owns more than one residential house, other than new asset, on the date of transfer. Investment in the Capital Gains Account Scheme may be made as in Sec.54.
If any long term capital asset is transferred before 1.4.2000 and out of the consideration, investment in specified bonds/debentures/shares is made within 6 months of the date of transfer, then exemption from capital gains is available as computed in Section 54F.
If any long term capital asset is transferred before 1.4.2000 and investment in specified assets is made within a period of 6 months from the date of transfer, then exemption would be available as computed in section 54F.
This section has been introduced from assessment year 2001-2002 onwards. It provides that if any long term capital asset is transferred and out of the consideration, investment in specified assets including bonds issued by National Bank for Agricultural & Rural Development or by National Highway Authority of India or by Rural Electrification Corporation is made within 6 months from the date of transfer, then exemption would be available as computed in Sec. 54F.
This section has been introduced from assessment year 2002-03 onwards. It provides that if a long term capital asset, being listed securities or units, is transferred and out of the consideration, investment in acquiring equity shares forming part of an eligible issue of capital is made within six months from the date of transfer, then exemption would be available as computed in Sec. 54F.
Loss from transfer of a short term Capital Asset can be set off against gain from transfer of any other capital asset (Long Term or Short Term) in the same year. Loss from transfer of a Long term Capital Asset can be set off against gain from transfer of any other long term Capital Asset in the same year.
If there is a net loss under the head "Capital Gains" for an assessment year, the same cannot be set off against any other head of income viz., Salaries, House Property, Business or Profession or other sources. It has to be separated into Short term Capital Loss (STCL) and long term capital loss (LTCL) and carried forward to next assessment year. In the next year, the STCL can be set off against any gains from transfer of any capital asset (Long term or Short term) and the LTCL can be set off against gains from transfer of long term capital asset only. Any unabsorbed loss after such set off can be further carried forward to next assessment year.
Only a resident individual/HUF can adjust the exemption limit against LTCG and STCG covered under section 111A but such adjustment is possible only after making adjustment of other income. In other words, first income other than LTCG and STCG covered under section 111A is to be adjusted against the exemption limit and then the remaing limit (if any) can be adjusted against LTCG and STCG covered under section 111A. A non-resident individual and non-resident HUF cannot adjust the exemption limit against LTCG and STCG covered under section 111A.
No deduction is available under sections 80C to 80U on 'Short-term Capital Gains covered under Section 111A' and Long-term Capital Gains. Such deductions are available on 'Short Term Capital Gains not covered under section 111A'.
The Finance Act 2003, has introduced S.10(33) and S.10(36) w.e.f. 01.04.2004 which provide that income arising from certain types of transfer of capital assets shall be treated as exempt income.
Section 10(33) of Income Tax Act provides for exemption of income arising from transfer of units of the US 64 (Unit scheme 1964).
Section 10(36) of Income Tax Act provides that income arising from transfer of eligible equity shares held for a period of 12 months or more shall be exempt.
The Finance Act 2004 has introduced section 10(38) of the Income Tax Act which provides that no capital gains shall arise in case of transfer of equity shares held as a long term capital asset by an individual or HUF w.e.f. 01.04.2005 provided such a transaction is chargeable to 'securities transaction tax'.
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